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The Native Grasses Of North America
The original native grasses of North America are finally being recognized for their useful and diverse adaptations. Often planted with wildflowers, native grass seed has multiple
uses with some of the better known grasses being Switchgrass, Indian
Grass, Little Bluestem, and Side Oats Gamma.
There are many different native grass varieties that are gaining favor for use in lawns,
erosion control, pastures, bio-mass crops,wetland and wildlife habitat restoration in all areas of the USA. For more on native grasses, such as orchardgrass, for pasture use please
see our informational website www.farmseeds.com or our
pasture grass seed section at Seedland.com. Both improved native grass seed and
original seed species strains are available from Seedland.com.
What Makes A Grass Native
Native grasses: Native grasses are the various regional & national grasses that
were original to the particular area of the country (USA).
There are varieties that have been adapted for
use as lawn turf (buffalo grass) or wildlife and livestock forage. Most
of the turf grasses planted in the US today were brought to this
country by immigrants or introduced later on by research scientists
and plant explorers.
Native grass species, through evolution, have developed
resistances to many of the problems that the newer grass varieties havent successfully
been bred to handle. These native grasses are regional in regards to climate, soils, acidity or
alkalinity, insect damage, diseases and symbiotic coexistence with other plants in the
surrounding area. Native vegetation is the most logical planting to use in areas where plants or grass
will not be maintained by high fertilization, soil additives, watering, and
insecticides. Fungicides are generally not needed because of the adaptability of the
natives to fight funguses in some manner or, as natural selection would have it, be wiped out. This makes native grass ecologically friendly.
Native grasses are
being used more and more in return to the naturalized plantings now being favored through
out the country. Many areas of the US are being "reclaimed" using native grass seed plantings. Although man has adapted and changed the genetics of the
grasses and plants that we use, we have not always been successful in reaching the basic
characteristics that enabled the native or near native species to survive.
Native Grass As Alternative Fuels (Bio Mass)
There is an increasing interest in sustainable biomass feedstock production worldwide due to the high cost and diminishing availability of petroleum-based fuels. Additionally, the concern
over global warming caused by fossil fuels has quickened the pace of research into low cost bio-fuels that have significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions and can compete with fossil
fuels. The dedicated crop production of biomass feedstocks is becoming a new and fast-paced, agricultural industry.
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) can be used as a biofuel feedstock in the production of cellulosic ethanol, but it has also been identified as a promising feedstock for pelletized
biofuels. The direct combustion of these pellets provides energy for heating, and the pellets can be combusted with coal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Other high-fiber
grasses such as Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) and
Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans) may also be promising biomass feedstocks for pelletized fuels.
Seedland carries a number of different Switchgrass varieties that are suitable
for biomass feedstock production. There are two ecological variants of Switchgrass: upland and lowland. The lowland types are robust, grow very tall and have more rapid growth whereas the
upland types are more slender, shorter and slower growing. Our upland or intermediate varieties include Cave-in-Rock, Blackwell, Dacotah, NE 28, Sunburst, and Trailblazer. Our lowland
varieties are Alamo and Kanlow.
Search Seedland.com For Native Grass Seeds
- Varieties Of Native Grass Seed
In addition to single species of native grasses, we have Regional
Native Grass Mixtures ideal
for range, wildlife, pasture, ornamental and ecological use.
NATIVE SEED PLANTING INFO:
Read our informational guide on "How to Plant"
Native grasses and mixtures. We have included images of native grasses on this page also for you to enjoy and to help you identify the various native grass species.
can be made when mixing native grasses and wildflowers. Native grasses are natural to the environment in which they grow.
Native & Range Grasses
NATIVE Species are grass species that have been found in the USA for over 200 years.
NON - NATIVE Species
Sometimes confused as Native due to the length of time they have
been planted and used in USA.
Native Grass Uses
Native grass seed and other plants
are in demand more now than ever for erosion control purposes, bio-fuels, and to reintroduce habitat that
has been destroyed. The beauty and versatility of these natural grasses are being used
extensively all over the country. With little fertilization and very little work these
grasses can work for anyone in their areas of adaptation.
Native grasses in meadow plantings can be quite beautiful and can be planted with wildflowers
especially bluebonnets. The attractive colorings and low height of the grass with the
taller flowers gives a nice contrast. Since the grass does not have to be mown, seasonal
wildflowers can be incorporated. A small wild flower garden with native grass would be low
maintenance with the native grass helping to keep any moisture in the ground for the wildflowers.
Ornamental / Rangeland / Ecological /
Wildlife Native Grass Mixtures
Seedland offers a selection
of native grass seed varieties blended and selected for regional native grass
use. These mixes are ideal for planting for rangeland
pastures, ornamental or ecological & wildlife cover reasons. - These mixes are
NOT intended for use as a stabilization mixture. These mixtures can also be mixed with Regional
Wildflower Seed Mixtures
to provide a blend of grasses and wildflowers for a true meadow
READ MORE ABOUT Native Grass Mixtures for Regional use.
|NativeGrasses.com - An Informational Website From Seedland.com
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